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Nepal is a small independent republic country situated between India and China. It is one of the poorest countries in the world, with almost one-third of its 29 million people living below the poverty line. Per capita income of a Nepali is less than US$450. More than half of its working population is unemployed.

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Agriculture is the main source of the economy which provides a livelihood for three-fourths of the population and accounts for one-third of GDP. Main industries are processing of agricultural products such as pulses, jute, sugarcane, tobacco and grain. Remittances from foreign workers abroad contribute significantly to Nepal’s economy these days. Nepal has potential for exploiting hydropower. Tourism is another main source of income in Nepal.

Health Care 

The majority of people lives in mass poverty and deprivation, while the nation’s small wealth concentrates in the hands of few rich. Major issues in rural areas are poor nutrition and sanitation, inadequate housing for most families, and the general absence of modern medical care and other superstitions.


About Nepal: Facts and Figures

Area: 147181 sq.km. occupying 0.03 % of the earth surface
Location: 260 22’ – 300 27’ N, 800 4’ – 880 12’ E (between China and India)
Standard time: +5:45 hrs. from GMT
Capital: Katmandu
Population: 23 Million (census-2001)
Language: National language – NepaliTravel/Trade people understand and speak English very well
Religion: Hindu (more than 80% population), Buddhist
Political system:
Per capita income: 269 USD (World Bank 2004)
Currency value: 1 USD=70 Rupees (varies daily)
Literacy rate: 54% (census 2001)
Climate: Four seasons (Winter: December – February, Spring: March – May,Summer: June – August, Autumn: September – November)
Best trekking season: September-November, March-May


What is so special about Nepal ?

  • Multi-cultural life of 40 ethnic groups with their own spoken language.
  • A destiny for all lovers of Nature, Culture, Heritage, Myth, people, Old palaces and Adventure.
  • Tropical climate in the south to the high altitude of Himalaya all encompassed in 150 km distance with flora and fauna in 1000 km long Himalaya.
  • Kathmandu Valley, a living museum for her ageless sculptures, palaces, shrines, temples, colorful bazaar etc.
  • National Parks for nature and wildlife jungle activities. Home of 800 different species of birds.
  • Himalayan panorama with Mt. Everest, the highest peak along with other 8 peaks above 8000m, 40 peaks above 7000m and 200 peaks above 6000m.
  • Wild White Water rafting adventures.
  • Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha,  the ambassador of peace in the world
  • Janakpur, the birthplace of Hindu deity Sita.
  • Kathmandu the home of living goddess Kumari.
  • Nepal in known as the home of brave Gorkha Shoulders who bravely fought in 1st and 2nd great world war.
  • Nepal is possibly the most beautiful place on earth. But it is also one of the least developed countries in the world
  1. How do NGOs work in Nepal?
  2. Is your contribution properly utilized?

UNICEF Reports

  • More than 50,000 children die annually in Nepal, with malnutrition as the underlying cause in more than 60% of those deaths
  • Half the children in Nepal are underweight
  • Only 35% of the population have access to adequate sanitation facilities
  • The literacy rate for 15 – 24 year olds is 81% for males and 60% for females
  • Only 3 out of every 100 have access to a phone
  • 31% of children aged 5 to 14 are involved in some sort of child labor


Foreign citizens can stay in Nepal for 5 months out of 12 month period on a tourist visa. There are more visa categories. More information can be found nearest to the Nepali Consulate Office in your country or visit the Nepal government’s web site: http://www.immi.gov.np/. Tourist visa is good enough to volunteer in Nepal.

Tourist Visa Extension

A tourist visa can be extended up to 120 days from the Department of Immigration in Katmandu and Pokhara Immigration Office on request. Thereafter an additional 30 days can be extended from Department of Immigration ensuring that tourist visa cannot be extended more than 150 days.


Local currency in Nepal is Nepalese Rupees (as of 04/06/2010, 1 USD=73 Rupees and it changes everyday). US traveler’s cheques are safer than cash. There are several bank ATM facilities available. Most hotels and other places accept credit cards. Generally A$25-30 per day is sufficient for food and accommodation in a budget hotel/lodge.


Weather in Nepal depends upon the altitude of the place. However, in general Nepal has four climatic seasons: Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter. October through March is the nicest time of the year. It is generally dry and warm during the day, getting cooler at night and into the winter months. Monsoon is from June to September.

Spring starts from March to May. The temperature of this season fluctuates between 20 °C to 30 °C (68 °F to 86°F). Summer starts from June to August. These are also the pre-monsoon months with occasional evening-thunderstorms and hot temperature. Autumn starts from September and ends by November. During this period, the climate is dry and mild with temperature  fluctuating between 20 °C to 30 °C (68 °F to 86 °F). Winter starts from December to February. The morning and evening are very cold while the afternoon is pretty sunny. The temperature during these months rises from 15 °C to 20 °C (59 °F to 68 °F).


First ensure that you have travel medical insurance from your health care provider. Several inoculations are required prior to coming to Nepal, some requiring a course of treatment before you leave. Visit your nearest traveler medical centre to discuss your needs.

Food and Drinks

There is a variety of cuisine that is available even on the trekking/ tourist areas. The local staple is ‘DAL BHAT’ which is rice with lentil soup and vegetables. Drinking from tap water is not recommended and requires treatment. However bottled mineral water is available